Welcome to Jammu !

Bestowed with innumerable temples this "City of Temples" has people of several races and mixed culture spreading from Chenab to Ravi. Situated at an altitude of 305 meters, surrounded by Pirpanjal and Shivalik mountains, Jammu, the summer capital of J&K, has climate similar to northern India. Popular as Dogras, Jammuites are friendly in nature and born warriors. For decades, they have paved the way for the tourists into the State.

Rajasthani ascribes the foundation of Jammu to about 3650 BC. Kingdom of solar race of Ayodhya spread over Shivalik hills to river Ravi & Chenab when Sudharshana the 20th descendant of Ram ruled Ayodhya. His younger son, Agnigir, migrated to Shivalik hills and traveling through Nagrota, reached the banks of Ravi and rules at Bupanagri, the present Kathua. Agngir was succeeded by chief ships of many Rajas, one of whom was Agnigarbha who had 18 sons and was succeeded by his eldest son Bahu Lochan who founded Bahu Nagar (today Bahu Fort stands here). His brother Jambu Lochan, who ruled during 6th century in Kalyuga, i.e. 2500 BC, expended his dominion and desired to build his capital at an ideal place. One day while hunting, he saw a deer and a tiger drinking at the same pond. He was informed that the soil of the place excelled in virtues, so no living creature bore animosity against each other. He founded a new town at this spot and called it Jambupura (today Purani Mndi stands here). Jambu Lochan was succeeded by his son Puran Karan who shifted capital from Bahu Nagar to newly founded Jammu. Down the line, succeeded ruled Jammu and extended the kingdom to Banihal and Kashmir. Thereafter, Jammu saw many rulers from dynasties of Dutts, Devs, Dhars and many more till Amir Timur occupied Delhi in 1398. He entered Shivaliks, Kangra and crossed Trikut hills to conquer Jammu in 1399, marching from Mansar. Dogra Rajas again took over the charge of Jammu between 15th and 17th century.

In AD 1800 Maraja Ranjeet Singh of Punjab took over Lahore and marched to Jammu. In AD 1812, Jammu was assigned as Jagir to his elder son, Prince Kharak Singh. On realizing the spirit of Jamwals, Main Mota of Jammu was made the Ministry by Sikhs. Maharaja Ranjeet Singh selected Gulab Singh and his brother Dhyan Singh to rule Jammu in AD 1813. Gulab Singh's grateful sovereign bestowed him Jammu as his Jagir and he became Maharaja in AD 1822. He appointed Zorawar Singh as Hakim of Kishtwar who further advanced to Ladakh, Baltistan and Tibet for expansion of the empire.

Maharaja Ranjeet Singh entrusted Gulab Singh with administration of large territories and transferred the lease of Gujarat in AD1830, which yielded huge revenue. After Maharaja Ranjeet Singh's death, Gulab Singh succeeded in getting control of Sialkot and appointed a governor and appointed a governor in Peshawar. He purchased Kashmir from the British against a sum of money, some cattle, gifts and a yearly tribute under the Treaty of Amrisar in AD1846. His force joined the British troops and he got the title of Maharaja of Jammu & Kashmir. Thereafter Jammu, Kashmir and Ladakh became the empire of Dogras whose rule lasted up to 1947.

Statistics

Area:

Population:

Avg altitude:

Latitude:

Longitude:

Language:

12378 sq. km

4,430,191

305 m

74.87E

32.73 N

Dogri, Hindi, Punjabi, Urdu and English

Events/Festivals

The colourful reliegious festivals set the right mood for people to get together and perform the righteous duties in traditional way.

Festival

Information

Lohri

(13 January) also known as Makar Sankranti, is celebrated to herald the onset of Spring. People from every religion join on this occasion to organise a bon-fire and distribute special sweets and nuts. Chajja, a local dance is usually a special feature during the festival.

Baisakhi:

(13 April),the harvest festival, is celebrated on the first day of Baisakh month of the Vikrarm calendar.

Bahu Mela:

(March April, September- October), this festival is held twice a year at Kali temple in Bahu Fort.

Purmandal Mela :

(February March), this festival is celebrated on Shivratri, when people celebrate the marriage of Lord Shiva with Goddess Parvati.

Jhiri Mela:

(October - November) is celebrated to commemorate the legend of Baba Jittu at a village called Jhiri, 14 km from Jammu.

Mansar Mela:

a 3 day festival is orgqaised every year by J&K Tourism during Baisakhi at Mansar Lake. The festival also provides a platform for promotion of local craftsmanship and cuisine.

Jammu Festival:

yet another festival in April, is celebrated to promote the regional culture, craft and cuisine during Baisakhi in Jammu city.

Navratra Festival :

Festival that showcases the religious and cultural heritage celebrated annually during September-October at Katra. The religious processions are organized in the evenings where the Jhankis of different gods and their disciples is taken out by the local people. A two day festival is full of cultural and musical programs.

Facilities

Shooping:

Jammu is known for the cheapest textile products. Samba ,on the Jammu Pathankot road famous for block printing. Vegetable dyes are used for block printing on a variety of clothes and bed covers. Phoolkari embroidery is another craft originally from Punjab. This includes flower designs on items like handkerchiefs, table covers, and wall hangings. Paintings from Basohli, a village in Kathua, are based on themes like Vaisnavism, Ramayana and the Gita.The history and poetry is presented myriad colours of life and landscape of the region. Raghunath Bazaar and Hari Market are famous for traditional Dogri items and jewellery. Kashmiri handicrafts and dry fruits are also available here. Bargaining is a fun filled activity at some places.

Accomodation:

From European-style hotels to decorative private guest houses and tourist huts, every facility is provided in Jammu. It is just fabulous to enjoy staying at a luxury Hotel and JKTDK huts sitting in the balcony of the your room viewing the beautiful landscape of temple city of Jammu

Government has also made provision of accomodation though a corporation - Jammu & Kashmir Tourism Development Corporation (JK TDC) that has accomodation at almost all important destinations in Jammu for the visiting tourists/ pilgrims.

Helicopter service:

The helicopter service from Katra to the shrine and back can be availed at a fixed price. The chopper makes many sorties during the day subject to weather conditions. The helipad at katra is just 11/2 kms away from the main market in the Kashmir road.

Important Contacts

Airports Contact Numbers

Srinagar +91-194- 2303635 Jammu +91-191- 2431917 Leh (Ladakh) +91-1982- 253076

J&K State Road Transport Corporation

Srinagar +91-194- 245510 Jammu +91-191- 2473245 New Delhi +91-11- 23934232 / 32965527 Leh(Ladakh) +91-1982- 25208

Railway Station, Jammu Tawi

+91-191- 2476078

Tourist Reception Centers

TRC, Srinagar +91-194- 2452691 TRC, Jammu +91-191- 2548172 /2520432

Divisional Commissioner's Offices

Kashmir +91-194- 2472580 Jammu +91-191- 2544665 / 2544045

Foreigner's Registration Offices

Srinagar +91-194-2483588 Jammu +91-191-2542676 Leh (Ladakh) +91-1982- 252200